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Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.

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Technology Upgrades That Can Save Your Company Money

If you want to save your company money, there are a few changes that you can make to the technology that you currently use. This will make your business run more efficiently and also help you cut down your costs. Here are some of the most common ways in which you can save some money:

1.Use a Unified Communications Service

Business communications is something that has evolved a lot in recent times. With the advent of VoIP technology, many businesses are now using internet telephony in their offices. Complete IP-based communications systems are now available, and can be used to set up an office’s entire communications system with features such as voicemail, multiple extensions, faxing, etc. You can also use common software programs to hold virtual meetings through the internet. The costs of using internet telephony are often much less than traditional communications solutions. Many companies also offer plans which allow unlimited calling nationwide and to certain countries around the world. If you do business on a global scale, this can definitely help you cut down on your communications costs.

2.Cloud Computing

Cloud-based computing solutions are now getting more popular than ever with businesses. They allow you to save costs on your IT infrastructure by reducing the amount of servers that you use, which will in turn reduce your equipment and labor costs. You can have a cloud-based solution installed on servers that are on your premises, or you can also deal with a third-party data center. By running many applications on the cloud, you will help cut down on your maintenance costs, as you will no longer need to upgrade the software on each workstation. There are dozens of cloud-based solutions available for small and medium sized businesses, which you should definitely check out.

3.Remote Troubleshooting and Administration Tools

Remote desktop access is a technology that has been around for quite some time now, but with advances in remote control software, it has experienced a large gain in popularity as of late. One of the biggest IT-related expenses in an organization involves troubleshooting and maintaining numerous pieces of equipment. Remote control tools can make this a lot more simple for you. They allow technicians to remotely log in to any workstation or server, then perform troubleshooting and maintenance tasks as required. So if a certain PC is malfunctioning or you need to deploy software upgrades across all of your company’s computers, making use of remote access tools can speed things up tremendously for you.

Another good thing about remote access programs is that they can be used for purposes other than just troubleshooting. Some of their other uses include remotely retrieving files, as well as running programs on a PC from another device that wouldn’t be compatible with them, like using Windows-based software on an Android tablet. With their low cost and numerous uses, these software tools can help save your company some money.

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Advanced Muscle Science

Advanced Muscle Science is into manufacturing and marketing the most advanced and state of the art nutritional supplements and targets the sport nutrition industry. They use cutting edge technology and advanced scientific methods to develop some of the best supplements that are available today in the market. The production standards are extremely high and the manufacturing facilities adhere to international quality standards followed by recognized pharmaceutical companies.

Advanced Muscle Science has been in the business for over two decades now and is one of the most reputed and respected brands in the sport nutrition industry. Their long-term research has led to some innovative and revolutionary products that have changed the dynamics of the sport nutrition industry.

Advanced Muscle Science has also believed in making products that are legal and at the same time effective, thus proving to be a responsible organization which values the trust of its customers.

Some of the pioneering products of Advanced Muscle Science are Liquidrone UTT, Dienedrone, Proto-Plasma, HyperTrop-X, HyperPump, 4-AD UTT, 1-Androsterone UTT, and Arom-X UTT.

Advanced Muscle Science and Bodybuilding

It has been a well known fact that to really be successful as a professional bodybuilder one needs to add supplements to the diet. It is important to have a healthy and balanced diet. But it is equally important to have regular intake of supplements that help you to develop muscle mass quickly and effectively. There are thousands of bodybuilding supplements in the market to choose from. And as we all know, the more the choice the harder it is to choose. This is exactly where Advanced Muscle Science steps in. If you choose a product of theirs, you can be certain that you have opted for the best that is available in the market.

Advanced Muscle Science specializes in bodybuilding supplements and has on offer a whole range of products that they manufacture and market. Their products range from prohormones including 1-Andro, 4-AD, DecaVol, and Dienedrone to pre-workout supplements such as Hypertrop-X and Hyper Pump, and from supplements that aid in sleep and muscle repair like Nocturnabol to portable protein supplements such as Proto Plasma. The range is endless, the products some of the best on offer. Since Advanced Muscle Science adhere to the highest quality standards and since the results are exceptional, most professional bodybuilders rely on their products.

There is always the option, and often the temptation to go for the cheap and discounted bodybuilding supplements. But one should understand that the best products come for a price, and it is a price worth paying. Advanced Muscle Science never compromises on quality and when you are dealing with your own body you would want something that you can trust. Advance Muscle Science and their products could be easily relied on.

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Most Innovative Refrigerator Technologies

A fridge has gone a quite distance and has since advanced into a hi-tech home equipment. Its service to home makers is among the factors why man now has an easy way of living.

Refrigerators aren’t only used in households . Dining establishments, hospitals and factories use this equipment too. These institutions know the significance of this machine to them. In restaurants, a ref plays a big part in order to keep their business successful. They use fridges in storing almost all of their goods they required from poultry products, cold cuts and even their pre-cut ingredients. They put there stuffs, so that when potential customers drop by, they have everything they require in preparing their purchased dishes. They could serve their delicious orders quick. Medical centers make use of refrigerator also in keeping medicines that are needed to be refrigerated. If a refrigerator was not invented, these medicinal drugs might not be in great condition and can harm patient’s health. In industrial facilities, refrigerators are utilized to make their unprocessed materials fresh. Most of these raw materials will need particular temperature so that their quality will be kept.

Manufacturers are aware of the essential need of a fridge in the marketplace. They already have enhanced and introduce brand new technologies . Modern technology customers will truly benefit from . Among of the most recent technology is the refrigerator with compact kitchen . Sure, it’s true. It contains stainless sink, faucet, counter top and a freezer in one product. This particular latest technology will surely delight the consumers. It’s space saving , well suited for town homes or perhaps studio type flat occupants. Another most recent fridge technology which is now presented in the market is the fridge with quicker cooling and faster ice making; it also features the essential use of anti bacterial property that makes food more fresh. Freezer that looks like a mobile phone is one other technology that is release in the marketplace. Its door need not to be opened in choosing the goods inside of it, if this senses human body temperature, the door immediately becomes clear, thus, will make you see the goods inside before actually opening it.

These are only some of the newest refrigerator technologies which are eco friendly and time and budget saving. Most of them give comfort to their well loved customers. More and more recent technologies will be developed in the forth coming days . Technologies that many people would feel will never be achievable until the day it will be launch and sold in the market.

Freezers are vital to all of us. These equipment all have exceptional features which makes unique to each and everyone of them. It is really our own sole decision in selecting the highest quality item. Price and styles should be regarded too. Individuals should really be smart in making the best choice

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The Importance Of Science Projects For Kids

Science projects for kids are very important as they grow. Kids are so curios as they grow. Their curiosity sometimes makes your patience tested. Kids have questions. Sometimes your kids might ask you about science projects on school and youre wondering what to say to them.

Science projects for kids can help you and your child develop a strong bonding. Kids love attention. They want their questions to be answered as soon as possible. As you and your kids do these science projects it will make your relationship grow closer. As parents you want your child to be on the top always. You could be proud of your kids if they can accomplish something. As a child, their learning is important. In growing stage, their interest in learning is high. They want to know things on their own. They also learn fast if they can see on how things work. Science projects for kids can give learning and fun that your kids needs while they grow.

Student needs school project and they dont know how to make it or maybe they dont have any idea on what to make. Science projects for kids can be a help for you although its for kids but sometimes its also good for school projects. School project sometimes can be challenging and stressing. Science project for kids can prevent this problem. It would be easy for you as a student to make. As a student you want to impress your teacher with your project so it could be an answer for you.

Sometimes teachers think on what kind of project theyre going to give their students. Teachers consider how their students learn from that certain project. They also consider that the project could be useful but sometimes they run out of ideas. Science projects can give you the idea you needed.

Science projects for kids are easy to make. You dont need to spend much just to have a science project. Things on your house that are not being used, it can be your materials to make this project. In the internet you can find instructions and steps that are easy to follow.

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Pharmaceutical Sales A Great Career For Science Degree Graduates

So you graduated with a bachelor of science degree and you dont want to become a doctor, dentist or work in a lab. You also dont intend to pursue a graduate degree in science either as scientific research is not really your calling. So you might be thinking about what type of careers and jobs are open for university or college graduates with science degrees.

I was in that same situation many years ago as I felt that I would prefer wearing a business suit rather than a lab coat for my working career. I wasnt interested in Petri dishes, Bunsen burners, flasks or dissection tools anymore. I wanted to carry a snazzy briefcase and have business luncheons instead.
So I was fortunate enough to stumble into a career field that I would stay in for fourteen very lucrative and rewarding years. This career was in pharmaceutical sales which turned out to be a perfect match of science and business.

There are many perks and benefits when working as a drug rep in the pharmaceutical industry. Salaries and bonuses could amount to six figures for high achievers and there is the use of a company car. Corporate expense accounts are also available for business entertaining. There are also the travel opportunities that are paid for by the company as many sales meetings as well as medical conventions are often located at nice places.
Being a pharmaceutical sales representative also means that there is a lot of freedom and independence with the job as fixed working shifts are no longer the way for a drug rep. Even better is that for 95% of the time, there is no boss to look over your shoulder while on the job.

Being a drug rep also has some intangible rewards I didnt expect when I first started. The field involves working with medical professionals to bring them useful products that will greatly benefit their patients. Drug reps with pharmaceutical sales forces can be considered as part of the overall health care team since they are playing an important role in helping patients.

So if you are a science graduate and want to do something in business rather than in a purely scientific field, consider pharmaceutical sales as a viable career option.

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Panel PC solutions from Blue Chip Technology

Blue Chip Technology are one of the UK’s leading designers and producers of single board computer platforms and panel PCs. Blue Chip’s single board computer solutions will bring the power of the processor to your business.

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Blue Chip Technology is one of the UK’s leading designers and manufacturers of industrial computer platforms and panel PCs. With an outstanding portfolio Blue Chip Technology provide off-the-shelf products including COM boards, single board computers (SBCs), fanless embedded systems, rackmount computers, Panel PCs and digital signage hardware.
Blue Chip Technology have a track record of working with a range of industries including hospitals, assembly lines, rail networks and laboratories both in the UK and across the globe.

Single Board Computers and Panel PCs
Single board computers are entire computers built on a single circuit board. They are most commonly used for industrial purposes, often in situations where smaller, more power-efficient and reliable computers are needed.
A panel PC is a type of industrial computer. A display, usually an LCD (liquid crystal display) is integrated into the motherboard and electronics. Panel PCs range from lower cost types with no environmental sealing to the more expensive, heavy duty models which may be waterproof or even explosion proof. Panel PCs can also be custom designed and built to the requirements and budget of the customer.
The technical experts at Blue Chip Technology have designed and manufactured a wide range of display based solutions to suited to Human Machine Interface (HMI), SCADA, process control, factory automation, building control and home automation applications. The Alpha Panel PC range of 8.4 to 17 inch range of industrial all-in-one units – compact, highly integrated, network-ready devices with full I/O connectivity. The Alpha Panel PC range is IP65/NEMA4 rated and designed to be housed in a panel or enclosure creating a dust and waterproof barrier, an essential requirement for many industrial and commercial applications.

Custom Design
Blue Chip Technology also offer custom design products which are designed and manufactured in-house. As industry leading specialists Blue Chip Technology can either make minor changes to existing products to meet specific needs or can build the products from ground-up development.
Blue Chip excels in custom design because design and manufacture are done in house they are flexible enough to accommodate a small adaptation or bottom up design project. What it doesnt necessarily mean is ramping up extra costs Blue Chip Technology regard many customisation services as integral to the product offering and are happy to provide free of charge.
For more information on the Blue Chip Technology products and services please call today to speak to one of our specialists 01829 772 000.

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Electronics Gadgets For Idiots Four G Technology

For somebody who’s a techie, 4G is something you ought to already be familiar with. However, if you’re not one of those who’s fond of electronic gadgets, you should know that there’s more to 4G than meets the eye.

4G is commonly referred to as beyond 3G, a fourth generation wireless technology equipped with a more comprehensive and secured Internet Protocol. It is well-known to provide users with higher speed and better quality anytime, anywhere. It’s packed with better features compared to its predecessors.

Contrary to what others may suppose, 4G is not limited to mobile phones alone but also in computers. If you’re someone who’s fond of watching videos online, you’ll find that 4G provides high definition videos regardless of your whereabouts. You can surf the World Wide Web faster using any web-enabled devices you have by connecting them to the 4G modem. You can chat with your friends faster, hear their voices clearer and monitor their cams with no pauses and disruptions. You can also share pictures and videos without too much hassle. In case you’re going out, you can still use your mobile to surf the net with 4G mobile technology.

So why is 4G highly regarded than 3G or other types of mobile phone network? We are living in a high-tech world where additional technological innovations are discovered almost everyday. 4G happens to be one of the most advanced and recent mobile phone networks in today’s age. It is the network of choice by many since it is very accessible. It also has a very high data rate amounting to 100 Mbps and a very extensive bandwidth capacity which added networks fail to provide.

There are pitfalls though. The main one is that as a cutting edge technology there is likely to be very few places that actually have a 4G network in position.

Chances are it is used first in highly urbanized areas before it spreads out to rural areas. To remedy this problem, various companies set 4G hotspot areas where users can go to and use it free of charge. In some cases, there are computers which aren’t applicable with 4G since it’s engineered for Windows.

Today, almost all kinds of cell phones are suitable for 4G. Nevertheless, many techies believe that smart phones are the best because of their quality digital cameras. Others use T-mobile and iPhones which are likewise 4G compatible devices. Another concern will be the price. You can have these gadgets with or without 4G contract. A device with a 4G contract is cheaper with price starting at 199 to 299 US Dollars while those without a contract can cost you 599 to 699 US Dollars.

Switching to 4G is a good option you can make especially if you’re someone who’s into the latest technological craze and doesn’t want to be left behind. With so many features it offers, 4G is certain to change the way you look at technology.

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Affordable Website Development Different Technologies can Develop Best Website

Web developers use many several types of technologies and skills for the website development. They update their information and gain knowledge of new technologies. For develop site for a business creators follow some frameworks, tools, coding languages, and various methodologies. There are various technologies are use by them like HTML, Cake PHP, MySQL & Apache, Kohana, Open Source, Symphony, Web Engineering Technologies, CSS and Java Scripts, web content development, client and server side scripting, e-commerce development, network security configuration. There are various tools are also use by them like Adobe PhotoShop for graphic designing, Macromedia Dreamweaver and much more. Website Development is generally known as non-designing part like writing coding and markup but it may include designing part. Design an affordable website is also play an important role in web development.

Choose a website creating company that offers an affordable website development and ensure you for reliability and presentation standard. Portal development is complex and companies face several types of challenges at the time of website making. The main focus of company should be to create all types of business and web communities. Web Portal can also define as a website with lots of pages and some features like videos, image gallery, and blog community, real time chat, voting poll and etc. so user can simply discover all related information at one place. Maker of portal are also write business specific content for site for user easiness. For creating web portal, a company has the team of developers which consist of hundreds of people.

The process of develop an affordable website is like a software development and it follows special and numerous steps. Maker of a site follows some process for an affordable website development. First of all they do the plan and analysis the requirements and after that they make information design then they also see the design and construction of a site because it is also important for the marketing point of view. These processes will help to make an effective and quality and excellence site. Different clients have different needs, goals for a project so at the time of making a site they consider about these requirements. Testing is also an important part of a portal development. After the completing a website it will go for a review and testing and if client wants any changes in that he will inform the maker and they will make changes and give the client 100% satisfaction.

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Technology And Online Education

I guess it isn’t difficult now to relate technology with online education. Online education has grown from an infant to a teenager and then to an adult along with the growth of technology. Now is the time when even the traditional “brick and mortar” principle following schools are implementing technology in their teaching methods. Technology is the building brick of the online education system. It enhances the capabilities of an online institution in imparting education more effectively and efficiently.

Technology in online education is not just limited to means used for delivering lectures and checking assignments and papers, but is more far spread. The introduction of Medias like blogs, wikis and forums etc has added the cherry on the icing. Students now communicate with other students from all over the world. They showcase their talents on these blogs and forums. Their talents can be in the forum of articles, researches, journals, designs etc Blogs and forums allow all sort of material to be showcased. This way, students reach a much wider horizon. The chances of their talents being recognized and appreciated increases without approximate. They not only share their information but also learn a lot from other students views and additions. They learn to improve. They are faced with more job opportunities than ever.

Technology also improves social networking. The internet, the biggest venture of technology, is a place where people come from all over the world. One particular site may have visitors from Kuwait, Malaysia, Africa, Honolulu and where not! Using the social networking sites specially tailored for students, they can participate in online classes, debate with experts and other students. This way they increase their opportunities for jobs as well.

The next advent of technology, the mobile phone technology, virtual worlds and educational gaming technology have just come into scenario. However these three ventures are predicted to be the next boost to online education. How? This will be seen probably in a very less time. May be just after a couple of years from today, we will be talking about imparting education through mobile phones! Remember this is a technology world now. Nothing is impossible. One thing termed impossible today may be difficult after 10 years and very easily possible after the next 10 years! Technology doesnt remain the same for more than a decade. It advances faster than any other thing.

Thus distance education will also grow with the same speed as technology. They both are interrelated. So as online education is growing with every leap of technology, why dont you check out a topic that appeals you the most? This is the best time for it.