Forensics vs Forensic Science

If you bring up forensics in a conversation, those involved will often start thinking of scenes from the television show CSI (Crime Scene Investigation). It’s synonymous with scouring crime scenes for minute clues to help criminal investigators create leads in various cases.

Because of the misunderstanding that’s developed about criminal investigations and forensics, many don’t realize that there is an acute difference between forensics and forensic science.

Currently, forensic science gets shortened in most discussions to “forensics.” The word “forensic” actually relates to debates, and comes from the Latin word “forensis” or “of or before the forum.” This concept became most prominent in ancient Rome where both the accused and the accuser involved in a judicial case had to advance their arguments in front of a public forum. This led to the usage of the term “forensics” for both public debate and the presentation of legal evidence.

This concept of “evidence” is what has caused it to run parallel and merge with forensic science. As the judicial system evolved, so, too, did the evidence that was required in cases. No longer was it a matter of verbal debate; instead other forms of evidence were necessary. The concept, that being “forensic” or “before the forum” still holds true. The only thing that has changed is the type of evidence that’s being presented.

While some modern dictionaries will actually merge the two and provide similar or identical definitions, they are quite separate by origin and practical application.

The term forensics refers to public debate which includes the presentation of evidence and rhetoric. Forensic Science is something different. It deals specifically with the gathering, identification, research, and scientific interpretation of evidence to determine such things as who was involved in a crime.

In addition to confusing the terms forensics and forensic science, people often mistake forensic science for criminalistics. However, it’s important to keep these terms in context too. Forensic science involves any discipline that can be applied to evidence. Criminalistics is just one of the subdivisions of forensic science.

Some of the disciplines that fall under the umbrella of “forensic science” are:

-Computer Forensics -Forensic Accounting -Forensic Audio Engineering -Forensic Linguistics -Forensic Pathology -Forensic Psychology -Forensic Engineering -Criminalistics

Criminalistics itself is the scientific discipline which brings together various natural sciences such as biology and chemistry to the examination, identification, and comparison of certain types of evidence. Criminalists deal with biological evidence including DNA and bodily fluids, trace evidence such as fibers, hair, and soil, and impression evidence such as fingerprints and tire tracks. They also are involved with ballistics, drug analysis, crime scene photography and reconstruction.

As you can see, the forensic sciences deal specifically with the research and examination of evidence so that such evidence can be admitted to and used within the legal system. Forensics on the other hand should be viewed not as the science behind the evidence, but as the presentation and use of the research once it’s completed.

Degree In Management Sciences And Accounting At The University Of Southampton

Heres a quick overview of the BSc degree in Management Sciences and Accounting offered by the Management School at the University of Southampton for prospective students.

The management sciences component of this BSc degree in Management Sciences and Accounting applies a rational, analytical approach to management, to improve organisational performance.

Using modelling, simulation and other analytical techniques, a management sciences approach can identify alternative strategies and guide practical action.

The accounting component of the BSc Management Sciences and Accounting degree course is concerned with the provision and analysis of information for a variety of purposes.

These include: regulation, resource allocation, and a range of other decision making tasks, both within and outside an organisation.

It is informed by a range of perspectives including those from economics, mathematics, behavioural and political science, psychology and sociology.

Both the management sciences and accounting components of the BSc Management and Accounting degree course carry equal weight in terms of assessment.

At the University of Southampton we have a great track record for producing high-calibre professionals who move into good careers soon after graduation.

A recent survey of Management School graduates showed that 89 per cent were employed or undertaking further study within six months.

This degree in Management Sciences and Accounting is recognised by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW), the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), and the Association of International Accountants (AIA).

This recognition means that graduates from the BSc Management Sciences and Accounting degree course will receive exemption from some professional accountancy examinations, depending on what modules they elected to undertake.

It is possible to find out more information about the BSc degree in Management Sciences and Accounting at the University of Southampton by visiting the Management Schools website.

All you have to do is go to www.southampton.ac.uk/management

Ideas For Science Fair Electricity Projects

Science Fair Electricity

In the 21st century those citizens of developed nations often take for granted their access to electricity. We all simply flip a switch and have all manner of electrical gadgets at our disposal. In the last couple of decades these opportunities have grown to include communications across the globe via the Internet. All of this is possible due to our access to electricity and other forms of power. While this has been around over 100 years now, science fair electricity projects are still some of the favorites for students. Many of us who use electricity every day have no idea how or why this works. We are clueless about the science of protons, electrons, and neutrons while reaping their benefits on a daily basis. Students who choose science fair electricity projects are not among the uneducated! They are some of the brightest students who are able to understand the invisible processes required to make the light bulb come on when the switch is flipped up and go off when it is flipped down.

Science fair electricity demonstrations are some of the most interesting at the event. While some projects involve computer graphics or visual representations of the processes that the student has studied, science fair electricity allows for hands on experience. Students who make presentations for science fair electricity events can give live demonstrations of the nature of their subject. There will be groups of students and parents gathered around for a chance to participate in these experiments. All spectators will want to place their hand on the static electricity ball just so their hair will go flying in all directions. Other braver spectators will volunteer to touch their tongue to a potato that they are sure will not shock them. This is always a great crowd pleaser when students get their parents and teachers to volunteer for mild but unpleasant shock!

While all science fair projects hold interest, the science fair electricity projects are definitely the liveliest! Students can use sensation, light and sound to demonstrate their science fair electricity project findings. Students, teachers and parents alike will leave the event with a greater understanding of the properties of electricity by learning the concepts in hands on, or tongue on, fashion!

Global markets for Machine Vision (MV) technologies to grow to $23.5 billion in 2019

Machine Vision (MV) technology integrates imaging components and electronics into computerized analysis and control systems to identify, measure, sort and inspect components as they proceed through an automated process.

The advances in MV technology including smart cameras and vision-guided robotics have increased the scope of the MV market through wider applications in manufacturing and nonmanufacturing sectors. MV is now used to ensure the quality of products from tiny computer chips to massive space vehicles as well as in major security applications and traffic and crowd-control applications. Today, MV has become a vital and effective automation tool that enables computers to replace human vision in many high-speed and high-precision manufacturing and nonmanufacturing applications.

The MV industry is peculiar in nature as many of the components are manufactured in one location, assembled at another which may be in a different country, and finally assembled at another location in yet another country. For example, most of the cameras and optics needed for the MV industry are manufactured in Germany and Japan but are then exported to North America for conversion into an MV system. Finally, they may be sent to China or India for ultimate production.

According to BCC’s published report, Global Markets for Machine Vision Technologies, the global market for machine vision (MV) system components was nearly $13.5 billion in 2012, and is expected to grow to $15.2 billion in 2014. The market is expected to further increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9{3fd9b80c697a8977256d70dd940f0f93ea0dc7a5181f68eb822b5b95bfb0f799} the following five years starting from 2014 reaching nearly $23.5 billion in 2019.

This report looks at the application market for MV systems and the competition involved in this ever-expanding field. The report also studies the global market for the various components and different systems that constitute an MV system. The market for these components and systems has become very competitive, and this report will look into the nature of the competition and the regional breakdown of these markets.This study provides important information on the current size and anticipated growth of the overall market and its market segments, characteristics of the market, leading suppliers, trends in customer preference, and geographic market opportunities.

This report will be useful for manufacturers of MV systems and components, systems integrators, design and application engineers, various industries and agencies needing MV systems, traffic and transport planners and security system planners.

For more information about this report, call (781) 489-7301, send an e-mail to , or click here to purchase the report.

The Importance Of Keeping Accurate Notes In Science

Science is a progressive act. This means that progress in science is a tedious process that requires diligent efforts with respect to record keeping because in the case of every scientist, figuring out everything about a field of study, such as any given sub-niche of chemistry, is impossible, even in a lifetime. Record keeping is of utmost importance and accurate record keeping can and will make the difference between work that is successfully continued by a scientist’s successors and work that is not successfully continued.

In the field of science, all of us stand on the shoulders of giants. In other words, we all learn from our predecessors and build on what they have taught us. However, we are able to learn only from those who have successfully transcribed their knowledge in an accurate and concise fashion so as to facilitate the propagation of the knowledge to those who follow.

Accurate lab notes are a must. Accurate lab notes will have a variety of properties including but not limited to:

An accurate introductory description of the process or processes being studied. For the information following the introduction to be understood in it’s proper context, an accurate introductory description has to be described clearly. Why is this subject of interest? What is the current understanding of the subject and why does it need to be studied further? What questions need to be answered before true progress can be made? All of these question should be covered in the introduction.

Clear and concise methodology. The work that is performed or is to be performed must be clearly spelled out for those reading the notes to understand the important steps to be taken to repeat and confirm the results. Each step must be labeled in detail and must be done so in a way that can be repeated using the notes alone. This is important if results are to be duplicated.

Well documented and understandable results. The results that are discovered by the initial experimenter should also be spelled out in clear detail as they may differ from the results obtained by those following them and trying to repeat their work. If results differ, this should be clearly noted by the scientists attempting to repeat the work and differences in results should also be clearly noted.

Objective conclusions. Conclusions should be recorded and based on evidence and results obtained. If data or results have discrepancies, these should be noted and discussed in the conclusion.

Asp Development And Its Related Technologies

Online Hotel Booking Software
These days with heavy use of Internet and online reservation system in place booking rooms in hotels and motels has become much easier. ASP.Net development is a process used for several applications supporting online reservation system. They develop a site which provides with varied listings for availability of hotel rooms. Users of the site can search hotel by star ratings, as per geographic location etc. You can also find Google Location Map for each of its hotel. These facilities are available because the website has Dynamic Page development facility plus SQL server to support at its back-end. As a user you would receive a booking confirmation fax to the hotel along with guest details as well as a similar copy to the guest through an email. It is supported by AJAX which serves as a user friendly interface. Related technologies used here are ASP Development, Microsoft SQL server 2000, Javascript, Visual basic 6.0, XML and XSLT.

Creating an Online community beneficial for holiday home owners
There is a huge online virtual community exists which has its members taking part in membership formalities. It becomes a common medium for people all around the world crossing all geographic as well as political boundaries for social networking.

The online community of ASP developers has developed a group for holiday home owners to pay local rent securely. The developed software includes a variety of functions as SEO friendly contact management system, document management system, integrating graphic design, multi featured property database, email marketing system for sending out and tracking email as well as newsletters, guest book, banner ads manager etc. ASP 3.0 and SQL server 2005 are its linked technologies.

Helpful in Customer Resource Management
Customer resource management is the most significant and precious resource management in any organization. Customers receive a very special treatment. A single satisfied customer brings in more customers with a word of mouth which finally adds to the growth and profitability of the organization.

ASP developers develop an application worth satisfying customer resource management for an organization. Those into the call center business get this application developed. It has a registration system which assigns service calls to customers that concerns the authority for its resolution. The system is helpful in complete tracking of customer complaints. ASP development, HTML, MS-SQL server 2008, javascript, Ajax and CSS are its related technologies.

At last, avail tons of benefits associated with asp development and its related technologies for your business needs.

Where To Look For Forensic Science Technician Jobs

If you are interested in forensic science technician jobs, and have completed a degree program in forensics (or chemistry or biology with a concentration in forensics, depending on what was available to you), there are a lot of places where you can look to try to find available forensic science technician jobs.

Before starting your job search for forensic science technician jobs, it might be useful for you to go to the US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics website (www.bls.gov) to find out what type of salary you should expect for different types of positions in different locations.

The American Academy of Forensic Sciences lists forensic science technician jobs on their website at www.aafs.org. There aren’t necessarily a lot of positions posted here at any one time, but it is a good place to start your search.

You can also look for forensic science technician jobs on general job search websites. However, as there are many possible titles for these jobs, you should be sure to search under all the possibilities. These include: Ballistic Expert, Ballistician, Forensic Ballistics Expert, Crime Lab Technician, Crime Laboratory Analyst, Crime Scene Analyst, Crime Scene Investigator, Crime Scene Technician, Crime Specialist, Criminalist, Criminologist, Evidence Technician, Fingerprint Classifier, Fingerprint Expert, Forensic Chemist, Forensic Investigator, Forensic Pathology, Forensic Scientist, Keeler Polygraph Operator, Latent Fingerprint Examiner, Lie Detector Operator, Polygraph Examiner, Polygraph Operator, Ballistic Technician, Evidence Technician, and Forensic Science Technician, among others.

Different forensic science technician jobs focus on different aspects of the job. You might want to concentrate on applying for the forensic science technician jobs which require the skills you have the most experience with, or enjoy the most. If you have a lot of experience with polygraph tests, it might be better to apply for a Polygraph Examiner Position rather than a more general Forensic Science Technician.

According to Payscale.com, if you are just getting started out on your career, you can expect to make a median salary of $30,000 to $40,000 per year or so for forensic science technician jobs. Those with 10 years experience in forensic science technician jobs have a median salary of $64,998 per year, so experience definitely makes a difference in salary for this career.

Working for the federal government is also likely to pay more than working for state and local governments or a university. Location also makes a difference, with those working in some cities making much more than those in other cities. Source : certforensictechnician.com

How is 3D printing technology used in Architecture and Medicine

D printing technology is used to manufacture prototypes, tools, and end-user parts directly from a CAD design. This printing technology offers unprecedented flexibility as it can create a part of any dimension out of any material. Some of the 3d printing materials used include metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and many more. The 3D printing technology has complete control over material composition, surface texture, and micro-structure of the prototype. 3D printing technology also allows the user to construct prototypes using two different materials. >

Lets take a look at this amazing technology and how it has affected the field of architecture and medicine:

3D printing for Architecture

Architects know that there is nothing like a physical model of a building when it comes to displaying their work or design concept. Physical models also play an important role when it comes to explaining and convincing the customer while selling a project.

3D printers are affordable and high quality solutions for architects. Building a physical model requires great deal of expertise, precision, and time. 3D printing machines help designers focus on their building design, while the devices make 3D models of the project.

Many architects are not tech-savvy and are not used to operating complex devices. 3D printers do not require human intervention at any stage of the printing process. Architects just need to need to draw a CAD diagram of the project and instruct the 3D printer to build a 3D model. The 3D printer can print the model within a few hours, which can then be presented to the client.

3D printers are capable of producing of 3D models with accuracy and speed without compromising on the finer details of the architectural project. The price of desktop 3D printing machines is not that high and independent architects can also afford them.

3D printing for Medicine

The application of 3D printing technology can also be found in the production of medical devices. There are different 3D printing materials available that can be used to build real parts. For example, manufacturing hearing aids is a complex process because they are custom-fit devices and cannot be mass produced. 3D printing greatly helps in such matters where medical devices need to custom-fit a patient.

The future of the 3D printing technology is very bright. Market experts state that 3D printing technology will be affordable to the masses by the next decade. The prices of 3D printing devices are falling rapidly, and it is believed that the prices of 3D printers will drop by as much as 80{3fd9b80c697a8977256d70dd940f0f93ea0dc7a5181f68eb822b5b95bfb0f799} in the next 5-10 years. It will not be a surprise to see 3D printing devices in each household just like refrigerators, washing machines, and televisions.

Avail the technologies of new mobile phones

New Mobile phones are very fastly flourishing in the market. These new phones not only allow us to talk and talk but it offers lots of advanced applications.

Mobile phones industries have upgraded themselves a lot since its inception. Every year there come a number mobile phones to entice not only the new mobile consumers but the existing customers also. But if you are tired of using your old keypad mobiles, a plethora of touchscreen mobile phones has come up in markets to relieve your boredom. New mobile phones are equipped with new additional features besides old ones. You can enjoy features like integration of multimedia and digital features. They offer a slew of benefits including mobile talk, facebook, wireless connectivity viz bluetooth, web browser push mail and many more. Though new mobile phones offer a whole range of exciting features, the problem that arises of finance. But don’t be disappointed, if you really want to get rid of your old clumsy handset there are a number of offers available put up by manufacturers. You can also get New Mobile phones in very low rate.

With the availabilities of mobile phone deals, contract deals and cash back offers it has been very easy for common man to purchase a flashy and stylish mobile phone. You can find a number of mobile phone selling portal on world wide web. Purchasing a mobile set through an on line contact save both time and energy. But, a consumer must keep in mind how to strike a best deal; to do this he/she should browse some websites as it helps a lot to in making a good deal. Besides, the cut throat competition to expand business has brought down prices of mobile phones all over the world resulting good opportunities for consumers to enjoy new touch screen mobiles fitted with advanced technologies. So what are waiting for, don’t wait for your friend to show off his new technically embedded mobile phone, you too can make him feel how tech savvy you are and advanced you are. There are number of mobile phones in the range of Upcoming mobile phones.

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Curtain Walling Metal Technology

Curtain walling metal technology refers to a system of curtain walling that is developed and designed by Metal Technology, a reputed name in window and door systems. It is suitable for high rise and low rise applications.

Windows and doors manufactured by curtain walling metal technology are attractive and have clean lines which are capable to enhance all types of office and commercial facades as demanded by modern building technology.

The Metal Technology high rise curtain wall system is designed as a stick system by curtain walling metal technology. This type of design allows mullions and transoms to be transported to site as prepared components and the grid work is assembled onto the building in stick form.

Carefully designed fixing brackets allow the curtain walling to be fixed back to the structure easily and securely so that all loads are transferred back to the buildings main structural form. Expansion joints are allowed on every floor or every other floor to accommodate any building movement by curtain walling metal technology.

In a case where curtain walling is required for low rise developments curtain walling metal technologys system 8 low rise curtain walling is preferred. Being a metal technology, it is obvious that this kind of curtain walling systems are manufacturing is to exacting standards giving economy with required strength, and many years of aesthetic, trouble-free operation.

In order to help flood the buildings with light, curtain walling metal technology has used System 17 high rise curtain wall, along with its Latitude curtain walling, System 8 low rise and System 10 glazed doors.

Metal Technology’s curtain walling systems offer a wide range of caps and profiles that allow the designer to select a profile to meet the design requirements of the project.

For example, curtain walling metal technology offers the Latitude system which particularly gives a strong horizontal focus and is excellent in drawing attention and drama to a glass elevation.

Curtain walling metal technology also can design and supply bespoke profile options giving the architect greater scope in his design.

Metal Technology has a wide retail portfolio with blue chip clients such as Asda, Tecso, Homebase etc in many parts of the UK and Ireland.